What is Cellulase?
Cellulase or cellulases by definition are enzymes that break down the fibrous material in plants known as cellulose and turn it into glucose (sugars) which is then turned into energy by living animals and fungas.
What is Cellulose?
Cellulose along with hemicellulose makes up the fibrous material of plants. They are actually carbohydrates however; they differ from typical carbohydrates (starches) which are broken down by amylase into glucose. The human body doesn’t produce the cellulases necessary to break this material down as with most animals also.
Plants are grown in laboratories such as aspergillus for the purpose of using them in supplements for humans since we cannot digest cellulose without it. Fungi in particular are a leading food source of this enzyme. Ripening fruits have enzyme activity present also but in smaller amounts.
The animal source of cellulase enzyme is produced from the bacteria found in the digestive system of ruminating herbivores such as deer, sheep and cows. These enzymes are able to withstand high temperatures and acidity so naturally they are effective for human digestion and utilization of vegetable plants.
Since cellulases are not naturally present in our bodies, a deficiency is not much of a factor however; Supplementation with this enzyme will help to extract more biomass nutrition from plant vegetation.